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doi:10.5578/tt.2702
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Postoperatif hastada gelişen solunum yetmezliğinde noninvaziv mekanik ventilasyonun yeri

The effect of non-invasive mechanical ventilation in postoperative respiratory failure

Ezgi ÖZYILMAZ1, Akın KAYA2


1 Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey,

2 Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

SUMMARY

The effect of non-invasive mechanical ventilation in postoperative respiratory failure

Postoperative respiratory failure is related with the highest mortality and morbidity among all perioperative complications. The most common underlying mechanism of postoperative respiratory failure is the development of atelectasis. Anaesthesia, medications which cause respiratory depression, high FiO2 use, postoperative pain and disruption of muscle forces due to surgery leads to decrease in functional residual capacity and results in atelectasis formation. Atelectasis causes severe hypoxemia due to ventilation, perfusion mismatch, shunt and increased peripheral vascular resistance. Intrathoracic positive pressure is an effective therapeutic option in both prevention and treatment of atelectasis. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation is related with a lower mortality and morbidity rate due to lack of any potential complication risks of endotracheal intubation. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation can be applied as prophylactic or curative. Both of these techniques are related with lower reintubation rates, nasocomial infections, duration of hospitalization and mortality in patients with postoperative respiratory failure. The differences of this therapy from standard application and potential complications should be well known in order to improve prognosis in these group of patients. The primary aim of this review is to underline the pathogenesis of postoperative respiratory failure. The secondary aim is to clarify the optimum method, effect and complications of non-invasive mechanical ventilation therapy under the light of the studies which was performed in specific patient groups.

Key Words: Postoperative respiratory failure, non-invasive mechanical ventilation.

Received: 20/07/2011 - Accepted: 21/07/2011

Address for Correspondence:

Dr. Ezgi ÖZYILMAZ,

Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Balcalı Hastanesi,

Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı,

ADANA - TURKEY

e-mail: ezgiozyilmaz@hotmail.com

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