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doi:10.5578/tt.2989
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Hızlı göz hareketleri ile ilişkili obstrüktif uyku apne sendromu: Antropometrik ve polisomnografik bulgular

Rapid eye movement related obstructive sleep apnea syndrome:
antropometric and polysomnographic findings

Hüseyin LAKADAMYALI1, Selma FIRATGÜVEN2, Bülent ÇİFTÇİ3, Füsun ÖNER EYÜBOĞLU4


1 Clinic of Chest Diseases, Alanya Practice and Research Center, Baskent University, Alanya, Turkey,

2 Clinic of Chest Diseases, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital,

Ankara, Turkey

3 Sleep Center, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey,

4 Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

SUMMARY

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by episodic narrowing of the upper respiratory ways accompanied by an oxygen desaturation during sleep. REM-related obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, comprises a subgroup of sleep disordered breathing with a 10-36% frequency. The aim of the present study is to analyze the frequency, the antropometric and polygraphic features of REM-related obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Materials and Methods: A total of 427 cases [332 males (77.4%) and 95 females (22.6%)] with definitive obstructive sleep apnea syndrome diagnosis with polysomnography records were included into the study.

Results: Of all the cases, 108 (25.3%) were REM-related sleep respiratory disorder. There was no difference between the two groups with regard to age and sex. However, the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome group non-related to REM demonstrated a more severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and a longer neck circumference. Superficial sleep was longer in the REM non-related group, while deep refreshing sleep (Non-REM 3) was longer in the REM-related group. The subgroup analysis of the REM-related group with regard to sex revealed a higher body mass index in the female subgroup.

Conclusion: REM-related sleep respiratory disorder is more often in mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome cases, the male/female ratio of REM-related sleep respiratory disorder is not different from the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome prevalence in the community.

Key Words: REM, gender, obstructive sleep apnea.

Received: 10/06/2011 - Accepted: 10/11/2011

Address for Correspondence:

Dr. Hüseyin LAKADAMYALI,

Başkent Üniversitesi Alanya Uygulama ve

Araştırma Merkezi,

Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı,

ANTALYA - TURKEY

e-mail: lakadamyali@mynet.com

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